Human Rights Law in Perspectives

The aim of this course is to provide an understanding of human rights law in its contextual, international and comparative setting, and therefore assist in placing this area of law, policy and practice in critical perspective. There is now an impressive body of human rights law in existence. The development of the international law of human rights since 1945 has been described as ‘revolutionary’ in its implications. The adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948 paved the way for the evolution of international law, and a period of sustained international standard-setting through the United Nations. Since then the international law of human rights has expanded to include a significant range of international norms and institutions. The legal framework is extensive. This international work has been underpinned by progress at the regional levels, with sophisticated rights regimes emerging in, for example, the European, Inter-American and African contexts. The human rights regime established in Europe, through the Council of Europe, has resulted in a considerable jurisprudence of human rights from the European Court of Human Rights. This is also supported further by national level human rights protections, and constitutional trends that enhance rights and civil liberties domestically. Constitutions around the world now provide for human rights protections, and in many states these are reinforced by enhanced institution protection, through, for example, national human rights commissions. There is now a world of human rights standard, institutions and international, regional and national actors. Understanding this global and local context and discussing the future of human rights will be the ambition of this course.
Credits: 2

Type: SEM