LL.M. in International Business and Trade Law
Each student is required to complete a minimum of 24 credits of approved courses; the maximum number of credits permitted is 27.
International Business and Trade Law Courses
The 24-credit minimum must include 12 credits of Specialization Distribution Courses approved for the International Business and Trade Law program.
The 12-credit Specialization Distribution Course requirement must include at least two of the following four Core Distribution Courses:
● European Union Law or European Union Business Law
● International Business Transactions
● International Law
● International Trade Regulation/International Trade Law
Remaining credits needed to fulfill the 12-credit Specialization Distribution Course requirement must be chosen from among the wide selection of Specialization Distribution Courses approved for the International Business and Trade Law program (courses designated 'IBT' on the class schedule available on the registrar's website).
Additional Required Courses
For students who do not hold a J.D. degree from a U.S. law school, the following courses are also required:
● Introduction to the U.S. Legal System*
● Legal Writing and Research for LL.M. Students*
● Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession**†
● At least 6 credits of "Content Outline" courses**
Students are required to take Introduction to the U.S. Legal System and Legal Writing and Research for LL.M. Students during their first semester of study in the LL.M. program.
NOTE: If a course can fulfill both a Specialization Distribution Course requirement and a Content Outline requirement, the course may count toward both requirements. For example, Corporations (4 credits) counts toward the Specialization Distribution Course requirement and will also count toward the Content Outline requirement, leaving 2 credits of Content Outline Courses and 8 credits of Specialization Distribution Courses to be fulfilled.
*Students who are admitted to the New York bar may seek waivers from Introduction to the U.S. Legal System and/or Legal Writing and Research for LL.M. students by submitting the online waiver request form available at law.fordham.edu/llmforms, however they are not encouraged to do so as these courses provide a fundamental base of knowledge and skills that are extremely useful for attorneys in the U.S. and that will be useful for all other U.S. law school classes. Students who are waived from Introduction to the U.S. Legal System may request to audit that course by submitting the online audit request form available at law.fordham.edu/llmforms.
**Students who are admitted to the New York bar or who do not intend to sit for the New York bar may seek a waiver from Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession and/or the Content Outline course requirement by submitting the online waiver request form available at law.fordham.edu/llmforms. Students beginning their programs prior to Fall 2012 are not required to take Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession or the Content Outline courses and are exempt from taking Legal Writing and Research for LL.M. Students if they hold a first degree in law from a law faculty in the U.S., Australia, English-speaking Canada, Ireland, New Zealand, North Ireland, South Africa, or the U.K.
† In lieu of Introduction to the U.S. Legal Profession, students may elect to substitute a three-credit Professional Responsibility course, including those courses that are focused on a particular area of practice. Students who wish to exercise this option must submit a Request for Waiver from LL.M. Program Requirement form, available at law.fordham.edu/llmforms. Note that approval of the waiver request does not constitute enrollment in the course; you must email email@example.com in order to request enrollment in the course you wish to take. Like all courses, enrollment in Professional Responsibility courses is on a space available basis. We recommend that you email your enrollment request at least a week prior to the first day of registration for the best chances of enrolling in your desired course.
Any remaining credits may be chosen from among the wide variety of courses that are open to LL.M. students.
A Note Regarding Course Selection for Part-Time LL.M. Students
The LL.M. program strives to ensure that there is a wide range of courses available in the evening in each of our LL.M. areas of specialization, and to ensure that students will be able to meet their program requirements within their desired timeframe for completion. However, it would be impossible to ensure that any specific course will be offered at a time that is conveninent to all students. We encourage you to look at the schedules from past semesters, available on the registrar's website, to get a sense of what courses may be offered in the future (noting, of course, that the schedule varies from one semester to the next). Should you find at any time that you are having trouble meeting your program requirements within your desired timeframe, you should contact Kandice Thorn at firstname.lastname@example.org to discuss options.